Visa Glossary


Adjustment Of Status

"Adjustment of Status: A key process in the U.S. for non-immigrants to become permanent residents without leaving the country."


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Asylum is protection granted by countries to individuals fleeing danger or persecution in their home countries, ensuring their safety.


Background Check

Background checks scrutinize an individual's criminal, financial, and employment history to ensure their reliability and safety.


Biometrics in visa applications use unique body features, like fingerprints, for secure and accurate traveller identification.

Border Control

Border control is a set of rules and regulations enforced at entry and exit points to regulate the movement of people, animals, and goods. It ensures national security and prevents unauthorized entry and illegal transportation of goods.



Citizenship signifies belonging to a specific country, entitling one to rights such as voting, healthcare, and education, based on certain criteria.

Consular Officer

A diplomatic official representing a country's interests abroad, responsible for providing consular services and issuing visas to foreign nationals.


A consulate helps citizens abroad with services like passport renewal and fosters diplomatic relations, overseen by a Consul.

Customs Declaration

A required form for travellers, detailing goods for customs clearance and regulation of item flow across borders.



Deportation is the process of returning someone to their home country when they no longer have permission to stay in another country.



E-visa: A digital visa obtained online, streamlining the application process for easier international travel.


Embassies serve as the official diplomatic representation of a country in a foreign nation. These diplomatic establishments, typically located in the capital city of the host country, play a vital role in managing international relations, fostering political dialogue, and promoting cultural exchanges.

Entry Permit

An entry permit is an official document authorising entry into a foreign country where you are not a citizen for specific purposes and durations.


Expatriate: Individuals living outside their home country, often for work, study, or lifestyle reasons, embracing global cultures and experiences.


Grace Period

Guarantee Letter

A Guarantee Letter for visas ensures a visitor has financial support, fulfilling requirements for a successful visa application.


I-94 Form

Immigrant Visa

A key for foreign nationals to permanently live in a new country, based on family, work, or other eligible paths.


Visa interview: Applicants discuss their visa applications with consular officers and answer questions crucial to determining eligibility for a specific visa.

Investor Visa

Investor Visa: A pathway for entrepreneurs to invest in a foreign economy, potentially leading to residency or citizenship.

Invitation Letter

An Invitation letter is an official document inviting someone for a specific purpose, detailing stay, relationship, and contact information.


J-1 Visa

J-1 Visa: U.S. visa for people in exchange programs, promoting education and cultural exchange through work and study opportunities.


Length of Stay

Length of stay defines the maximum time a visa holder can legally stay in a country, based on visa type and visit purpose.


Multiple Entry Visa

A multiple entry visa is a flexible visa option allowing multiple entries to a country within a given period, ideal for frequent travelers.



Naturalization is the pathway to citizenship for those not born in a country, involving an application, residency requirements, and sometimes a test.

Non-immigrant Visa

A temporary visa type designed for individuals seeking temporary visits such as tourism, business, or study, without granting permanent residence rights.


Passport validity

Passport validity refers to the period during which a passport is considered valid for international travel. Often, it is required that the passport be valid for at least six months beyond the return date.

Port of entry

A port of entry is a designated location for legal entry into a country, where visas and travel documents are inspected, and entry is granted or denied.

Processing Time

Visa processing time is how long it takes for your visa application to be reviewed and a decision to be made. This can vary based on the type of visa, your nationality, the time of year, and the visa office's policies. It's smart to apply early before you travel to allow for this processing time.

Proof of Accommodation

Proof of accommodation is a document or evidence provided by visa applicants to prove that they have a place for their stay in the destination country.

Proof of Financial Means

Proof of Financial Means is evidence required for visas. Travellers can financially support themselves during their stay by covering all expenses.



A refugee is someone forced to flee their country for safety, protected by international law to ensure they are not returned to the dangers they escaped.

Return Ticket

It is a travel itinerary that includes an outbound and return ticket typically to the same destination.


Schengen Visa

A key for hassle-free travel across 27 European countries, streamlining movement for tourists, business visitors, and family visits.

Single Entry Visa

A single-entry visa permits one-time entry into a country for purposes like tourism or business, requiring re-application for subsequent visits.

Sponsorship Letter

A Sponsorship Letter is an important piece of documentation in various application processes, including visas, events, and projects. It is a formal request for financial support or resources, ensuring the applicant or event organiser can cover necessary expenses.

Student Visa

A Student Visa grants international students permission to study abroad, allowing enrollment in foreign educational institutions for their study duration.


Tourist Visa

A Tourist visa permits travelers to visit a country for leisure, typically valid for a short period without allowing work or business activities.

Transit Visa

A Transit Visa allows travellers to pass through a country on their way to another destination, essential for layovers in some countries.

Travel Itinerary

A Travel Itinerary for visa applications outlines your trip details, aiding visa officials in understanding and verifying your travel plans.


Visa Appeal

Visa Appeal: A process to contest a denied visa application, offering a chance to provide more information or correct errors for decision reversal.

Visa Application Centre

Visa Application Centres offer administrative support to the Embassy or consulate by handling document submission, biometrics, and visa application submission.

Visa Application Form

A visa application form is crucial for travel. It requires personal details to assess entry eligibility into a foreign country.

Visa Appointment

A scheduled meeting for visa application submission and potential interview at a VAC or embassy, essential for travel plans approval.

Visa Exemption

Visa exemption refers to the arrangement that allows travelers from certain countries to enter another country without needing to obtain a visa.

Visa Extension

Visa Extension: The process of legally extending your stay in a country beyond your current visa's expiry date, subject to approval by immigration authorities.

Visa Fees

Visa fees is the charge required for processing your visa application, varying by visa type, issuing country, and applicant’s nationality.

Visa on Arrival

Visa on Arrival, available for eligible travellers, allows them to obtain their visa directly at the destination country's entry points for short visits.

Visa photo

A visa photo is a specific type of photograph meeting set criteria, used to identify applicants during the visa application process.

Visa Rejection

Visa rejection is the denial of a visa application due to reasons like incomplete forms, insufficient documents, or not meeting criteria.

Visa Sponsor

Visa Sponsor refers to those backing an applicant's visa request, ensuring financial, accommodation, and legal compliance with visa rules.

Visa Validity

Visa Validity: The effective period a visa holder is permitted to enter or remain in a country, bounded by issue and expiration dates

Visa Waiver Program

Visa Waiver Program (VWP): A government initiative allowing eligible travellers to enter a country without a visa, subject to specific conditions.